According to a study published in the journal ‘Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology‘, diet plays a major role in maintaining one’s eye health. Diet may affect individuals risks related to the development and progression of an eye disease known as AMD (age-related macular degeneration). This disease is the primary cause of severe, irreversible vision loss among the people over 60 years of age.
The study revealed that people who followed a Mediterranean diet showed a decreased risk of AMD progression, whereas, those who followed an Oriental diet pattern (high intake of vegetables, legumes, fruit, whole grains, tomatoes, and seafood) had decreased association with AMD prevalence. On the other hand, people who followed a western diet pattern (high intake of red meat, processed meat, high-fat dairy products, fried potatoes, refined grains, and eggs) showed increased association with AMD prevalence.
The researchers said that increased consumption of vegetables rich in Carotenoids and fatty fish containing Omega-3 fatty acids is beneficial for those at the risk of AMD. Intake of high glycemic index diets and alcohol consumption of more than two drinks per day have increased association with AMD.
Naoko Chapman, lead author of the University Of Auckland, New Zealand said “Improving the quality of the diet, increasing the intake of foods that contain the nutrients required by the retina, and avoiding foods that induce oxidative damage will play an important role in protecting against AMD”.