According to a recent study, increasing intake of dietary fibre can improve condition of patients suffering from hypertension and diabetes. The study was presented at the ACC Middle East Conference 2019 together with 10th Emirates Cardiac Society Congress in Dubai.. The research team from Care Well Heart and Super Specialty Hospital in Amritsar examined the association between a high fibre diet and its impact on cardiovascular disease risk factors.
For the study, fibre intake of 200 participants was examined for six months that included check-ups at – the start of the study, and after three and six months respectively. All the patients suffered from Type-2 diabetes and a calorie intake of 1,200-1,500kcal, causing their RDA for fibre to be 24-30gm.
The participants were then provided with diet prescriptions. As per the findings of the study, “Patients who consumed high fibre diet saw a significant improvement in cardiovascular risk factors such as – cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose. There was a 23% decrease in triglycerides, 9 % reduction in serum cholesterol, 15 % reduction of systolic blood pressure, and a 28% reduction of fasting glucose”.
According to the guidelines from the National Institute of Nutrition and the Indian Council of Medical Research, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for dietary fibre is 40gm / 2000kcal.